Indian removal act summary

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indian removal act summary (1830) a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River. The removal included members of the Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations. Indian Removal Act, in U. Indian Removal was one of Andrew Jackson's most important goals. Lawmakers were deeply divided over the Indian Removal Act. • Banded Indian tribes together against the government. President Jackson’s message to Congress stated a double goal of the Indian Removal Act: freeing more land in southern states like Alabama and Mar 10, 2014 · Blog. The vote was 28 in favor and 19 opposing. In a WPA interview from the 1930s, Henry Mitchell describes the attitude Indian land was now available to whites, which was usually distributed by a lottery process. Signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, the Indian Removal Act authorized the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi River in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. States that, “at the earliest possible time, all of the Indian tribes and the individual members thereof located within the States of California, Florida, New York and Texas, should be freed from Federal supervision and control and all disabilities and limitations specifically applicable to Indians”. Indian Territory. Cave is a professor of history at the University of Toledo. The 1978 Indian Child Welfare Act 25 U. On May 28, 1830 The Indian Removal Act was passed by Congress after months of bitter debate not only in Congress but in the press. Ask: Which Americans had the most to gain with the Indian Removal Act? (southerners and western-ers) Independent Practice Have students continue filling in the study guide for this section. Stuck on your essay? Browse essays about Indian Removal Act and find inspiration. Check out NCSL's ICWA Summary for a look at the major provisions of ICWA and NCSL's State Statutes Related to the Indian Child Welfare Act. Nov 05, 2021 · The Indian Removal Act, enacted by President Andrew Jackson in 1830, allowed the US government to evacuate Indians from their property east of the Mississippi River. Congress was the Indian Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790. Signed into law by President Grover Cleveland on February 8, 1887, the Dawes Act expedited the cultural genocide of Native Americans. Indian Removal Act summary: After demanding both Jun 02, 2021 · Indian Citizenship Act. Calhoun Speech, December 8, 1818 See the next lesson: Removal lesson #3 . Oct 30, 2016 · The Indian Removal Act of 1830. Jackson mentions them in his inauguration speech. Indian removal - PBS The Cherokee, on the other hand, were tricked with an illegitimate treaty. Click again to see term 👆. Tap again to see term 👆. Indian Removal Act of 1830: Printable Documents Important: You do not need to print these documents if you are working online. Removal Act was the signed in law on May 28, 1830 by President Andrew Jackson. Congress in 1830. There were small pockets of opposition to the removal of Cherokees in Georgia and occasionally groups of people, such as the Quakers and abolitionists, championed Indian rights. Jackson strongly favored removing the 60,000 Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek and Seminole (the Civilized Tribes) from North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi. The Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) offers federal subsidies to tribes that adopt constitutions like that of the United States and replace their governments with city council–style governments. On June 2, 1924, Congress enacted the Indian Citizenship Act, which granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the U. Prologue. Until 1821, Florida remained under the control of the government of Removal 1830–1862. Sep 06, 2021 · The removal of the Cherokee and their long march toward the West is historically known as the Trail of Tears. Nevertheless, many Indian groups, already surrounded by white settlements, accepted the government decree and moved west. Definition. 3 How does the image of the forced removal of the Cherokees contribute to your understanding of the article? ICWA History and Purpose. He simply talked about it without taking any actions. 6 2 Why To inform about how the Indian removal act was so sad for the Indians and how the americans made a excuse to say that it was the right thing to do. Facts, information and articles about Indian Removal Act, from American History. He vote was 101 in favor and 97 opposing. In 1833, a small faction agreed to sign a removal agreement: the Treaty of New Echota. Pages 1330-1353. Tap card to see definition 👆. It was passed in 1978 in response to compelling evidence of the high number of Indian children that were being removed from their families by public and private agencies and placed in non-Indian families. Chief Justice Marshall agreed in the Federal Courts that the Cherokee agreements with the federal government secured Indian Territory. All costs of migration and financial aid to assist resettlement are provided by the government. This statute forced the Cherokee nation to surrender to the federal government its lands and to relocate to present-day Oklahoma. The Indian Removal Act was passed on May 26 th, 1830 by the House of Representatives. In 1830 Andrew Jackson passed the “1830 Indian Removal Act” (2) though senate. They agreed to a reduction in their land in 1824 and sought to merge with the Caddo , only to find the latter unwilling to accept them. The 1830 Indian. One of the initial acts passed by the first U. As historian Margaret D. The Act had passed in the Senate on a 28-19 vote on April 26th, and it Jan 22, 2019 · The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. § 1901 (ICWA) is designed to protect the best interests of Indian children by setting minimum federal standards for states in the handling of the removal and placement of Indian children. Indian Resistance and Removal. Remini has argued? May 13, 2010 · The Indian Removal Act, part of a United States government policy known as Indian removal, was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 26, 1830. The Indian Removal Act was passed on April 24 th, 1830 by the Senate. into law on May 28, 1830. Green. Of some 11,500 Cherokees moved in 1838, about 4,000 died along the way. The expansion of Anglo-American settlement into the Trans-Appalachian west led to the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830, forcing all eastern tribes to move to new homelands west of the Mississippi River in the Indian Territory. Most states, however, wanted to remove all Indians, not just the tribal governments, and bristled at removal treaties that allowed individual Indians to stay on personal allotments if they agreed to Mar 27, 2020 · The Indian Removal Act, signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, effectively forced the exchange of land held by Native American nations in southeastern U. Andrew Jackson & Elias Boudinot had the same mindset within the Indian Removal. Indian Removal Act Authorized the federal government to negotiate treaties with eastern tribes exchanging their lands for land in the West. This act empowered Jackson to forcibly evict all the Indians living east of the Mississippi River. Gravity. On December 6, 1830, in a message to Congress, President Andrew Jackson called for the relocation of eastern Native American tribes to land west of the Mississippi River, in The removal, or forced emigration, of Cherokee Indians occurred in 1838, when the U. President Andrew Jackson s Message to Congress "On Indian Removal," December 6, 1830; Records of the United States Senate, 1789-1990; Record Group 46; National Archives. Oct 20, 2021 · The Indian Removal Act summary Around 15,000 Cherokee were forcibly uprooted from their homeland in 1838 and forced to migrate approximately 1,200 miles west. A critical event in the history of the United States was the signing of the Indian Removal Act by President Andrew Jackson in 1830. Jan 10, 2020 · Abuse of Power: Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This message was sent to Congress in December of 1830, several months after Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. C. Students use maps, excerpt of a Presidential speech, oral testimony, and a painting to examine the political reasoning behind the Indian Removal Act as well as the public portrayal and personal impact of the Trail of Tears on the Cherokee nation American Indian Removal 1. Resistance to Removal. It authorized him to reserve land west of the Mississippi River and exchange it for Native American land to the east of the Mississippi. ) Have students look at the map on the opposite page. The Injustice of the Indian Removal Act 1830 Introduction The Indian Removal Act signed by Andrew Jackson in 1830 was meant to establish peace in the nation and to give the Native Americans their own territory where they could practice their own activities, traditions and culture without interference from the American government. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy. 2011, Primary Source Nexus. Jackson’s 1st Message To Congress: 1st Dec 08, 2017 · Indian Removal Act . May 30, 2019 · The Indian Removal Act. They were mainly in Georgia, and a little in North Carolina and Tennessee. Term. They did not want to give up their lands and move to Creek Indian Removal. People in Georgia wanted to expand into the South to have more room to grow crops. The Act reclassified the prior “reserves” set up for Alaska Natives as “Indian reservations. The Creek Nation was once one of the largest and most powerful Indian groups in the Southeast. The Indian Removal Act made little provision for separation of groups. after four months of tedious debate. . They pressured their state representations to lobby the federal government for legislation to force Native tribes off their lands. The Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears: Cause, Effect and Justification by Angela Darrenkamp. The Indian Removal act of 1830 was a long on-going process that actually had its beginnings in 1829. President Jackson’s First, Second, and Seventh Annual Messages deal with Indian removal. The Act allowed the government to divide land west of the Mississippi to give to Indian tribes in Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act on May 28, 1830, which was the first major piece of legislation that he recommended and was passed. Published online: 10 Jan 2020. • Some tribes sold their land and then got a lot of money to move. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 successfully removed and relocated Oct 01, 2021 · The Indian Removal Act of 1830 Summary. The Quapaw , for example, wanted to stay in Louisiana. Yes, the Indian Removal Act called for new treaties, but it provided no alternative to removal. 9, 2021. Jefferson made a deal with the state of Georgia in 1802, promising to secure the title to all Cherokee land within the state in exchange The Indian Removal Act was passed in 1930 but plans for this 'forced relocation' began in the early 1800s. Indian Removal Act of 1830. Indian Removal Act summary: After demanding both About the Act. Under Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, federal agents again used threats, bribes and liquor to secure Indian consent to one sided treaties. Disease, war and a range of low-level conflicts with white settlers was an ongoing problem from the days of Christopher Columbus. Jefferson first wrote about Indian removal in 1776, 15 years before he was Indian removal - PBS The Cherokee, on the other hand, were tricked with an illegitimate treaty. an area covering most of present-day Oklahoma to which most Native Americans in the Southeast were forced to move in the 1830s. They had a very large area of the Southeast and had over 60 villages. Out of the 15,000 Cherokees who were obliged to migrate, at Nov 04, 2020 · The American Indian Removal policy of President Andrew Jackson was prompted by the desire of White settlers in the South to expand into lands belonging to five Indigenous tribes. During Jackson's administration, one of the most important Cherokee groups that decided to leave was led by the powerful Ridge family. Jackson’s message justified the removal policy already established by the Indian Removal Act of May 28, 1830. These early treaties were managed by the new Bureau of Indian affairs established by Secretary of War, John C. Jan 19, 2016 · Removal of the Indians was his answer to questions of national security, Wilson said. The new governments lack the checks and balances of power that had inspired the Founding Fathers of the United States. “He was pushing westward and if the Indians resisted, they would have to be dealt with. Cave. Lesson Summary. This event was significant because it paved the way for the American government to force the Native Americans off of their traditional lands. He formalized his policy in 1830 by selling the concept to Congress, which passed the Indian Removal Act by the narrowest of margins. As population increased more treaties were made so that the government would gain land. Sep 26, 2008 · William Apess' impassioned "An Indian's Looking-Glass for the White Man," published in 1833, three years after the Indian Removal Act was passed by the United States Government. Mar 26, 2019 · The era of Indian removal transferred tribal land and irrevocably altered the lives of many Louisiana native peoples. A year later, in 1830, he passed the Indian Removal Act (Internet Public Library). Indian Removal Act. To save him from utter destruction, the Government kindly offers him a new home, and proposes to pay the whole expense of his removal and settlement. Despite these combined objections, none of the passion, oration, or logic employed in defense of Indian homelands made a difference. On May 28, 1830, the Indian Removal Act was signed by President Jackson. Jacobs writes in A Generation Removed, “The story of [the Indian child welfare] crisis is not just an American Indian story … but a profoundly American one. In 1813, Andrew Jackson and his wife, Rachel, adopted an orphaned Muscogee (Creek) boy named Lyncoya, who died at age 16 of tuberculosis, months before Jackson was elected president (1828) and two years before Congress passed the Indian Removal Act (1830). Indian Removal Act summary: After demanding both Termination. General Winfield Scott sped the removal along as well as put many Indians into stockades along the way. Between 1800 an 1830 the Choktaws signed Andrew Jackson and The Removal Act 0f 1830. On May 28, 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which authorized the President to grant land west of the Mississippi River in exchange for the lands of the American Indian tribes living primarily in the southeastern U. Mar 29, 2019 · Indian Child Welfare Act. The 1830 Indian Removal Act and subsequent displacement of the Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, and Cherokee tribes of the Southeast fulfilled the vision of a White nation and became one of the identifying characteristics of the Age of Jackson. he made it sound like a perfect thing for the american people to do and grow from, even though it was a tragedy for the indian people and their land. Indian Removal Act summary: After demanding both political and military action on removing Native American Indians from the southern states of America in 1829, President Andrew Jackson signed this into law on May 28, 1830. 1 2. 1, 2021. Learn by example and become a better writer with Kibin's suite of essay help services. S. Apr 03, 2006 · Summary: A comparison of views regarding the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The debate in the Senate over removal contains the forceful speeches of Maine Senator Peleg Sprague and Georgia Senator John Forsyth, against and for removal respectively. The Indian Removal Act. Many Native Americans suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation while going on the route to their destinations, 2,000-6,000 of … The Native Americans' Point of View of the Indian Removal Act. He Removal Act was strongly supported in the South, where states were eager to gain access to lands inhabited by the "Five Civilized Tribes". The Indians were forced to move out of their Native Land. 1953: House Concurrent Resolution 108. Now known as the infamous Trail of Tears, the removal of the Cherokee Nation fulfilled federal and state Indian removal - PBS The Cherokee, on the other hand, were tricked with an illegitimate treaty. Alfred A. Click card to see definition 👆. View further author information. While the Supreme Court ruled against legislative interference by the state of Georgia, Jackson vigorously negotiated a land exchange treaty with the Cherokee, fearing Mar 02, 2011 · Andrew Jackson defended the indian removal act very well. From 1830 to 1840 approximately 60,000 Native Americans were forced to migrate. This led to the most referenced court case in the supreme JACKSON & THE INDIAN REMOVAL ACT. 1830 - Indian Removal Act - This act authorized the President to negotiate treaties and remove the remaining Eastern Indians to lands west of the Mississippi. For hundreds of years, Native Americans and Europeans interacted with difficulty. ”. The Causes and Consequences of Indian Removal The documents in this seminar and others related to Cherokee Removal can be found in The Cherokee Removal: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford Series in History and Culture) by Theda Perdue and Michael D. The right to vote, however, was governed by state law; until 1957, some states barred Native Americans from voting. The Five Tribes purchased new lands in present-day Oklahoma, but some relocated farther Apr 03, 2015 · Guide to the IndianRemoval Act of 1830. Dec 14, 2017 · And so it was, the Indian Removal program was to officially begin as a voluntary program through a series of treaties. RI. As president, Jackson signed the . Most observers realized that passage of the bill meant the inevitable removal of most Indians. Digital History. Oct 23, 2013 · Views of the Native Americans. Indian Removal Act (1830) May 28, 1830 Chapter CXLVIII An Act to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any of the states or territories, and for their removal west of the river Mississippi. This act effectively removed most Native Americans living East of the Mississippi to designated lands West of the Mississippi. For every Indian family who lost a child to foster care or adoption, another non-Indian American family gained a son or daughter, a brother or sister…. An introductory lecture to the basics of Andrew Jackson's Indian Removal Act. “it will incalculably strengthen the southwestern frontier and render the adjacent states strong enough to repel future The Act of 1934 was not fully applicable to Alaska tribes, but in 1936 Congress corrected this oversight with an amendment to the IRA that allowed all Alaska Native villages to organize their tribal governments under it. • Made white people look foolish. The Indian Removal Act authorized a series of migrations that became known as the Trail of Tears. In addition, the act aims to preserve tribal culture and ensure tribal jurisdiction. Much of this land, however, was lost or stolen as the federal government sought land for white settlement Indian Removal Act of 1830 is a federal law enacted to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any of the states or territories, and for their removal west of the river Mississippi. On 26 May 1830 the Senate passed the Indian Removal Act by a margin of 28 to 19; the House passed it 102 to 97. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 . Tens of thousands of Native Americans from the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee-Creek, Cherokee and Seminole tribes The policy of the Government towards the red man is generous. Oct 20, 2021 · The Indian Removal Act summary The Indian Removal Act, enacted by President Andrew Jackson in 1830, allowed the US government to evacuate Indians from their property east of the Mississippi River. Received 05 Dec 2003. Was it an act of humanitarianism intended to save the Native American culture and populace from the expansion of white settlers, as Robert V. In the act, he expressed his view saying that the only way for the Natives to survive is to leave the land and move out into the Indian Territory. At their peak, the Creeks controlled millions of acres of land in the present-day states of Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. INDIAN REMOVAL ACT OF 1830 CHAP. As slave-owning expanded aggressively in the 19th century, slaveholders became desperate to get their hands on native lands. Immediately download the Indian Removal Act summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching Indian Removal Act. Pages 1330-1353 | Received 05 Dec 2003, Published online: 10 Jan 2020. It called for the removal of all American Indians from East of the Mississippi River to reservations in Oklahoma Territory. Those Indians who did not wish to relocate would become citizens of their home state. This act “did not authorize enforced removal of any Indians, but merely gave the President power to initiate land exchanges with Indian nations residing within the states or territories. Summary Of The 1830 Indian Removal Act. After Jackson succeeded in pushing the Indian Removal Act through Congress in 1830, the U. Source: Andrew Jackson, "State of the Union The Indian Removal Act Cherokee Nation Impact Conclusion Research The Five Civilized Tribes. The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) of 1978 is a federal law that governs the removal and out-of-home placement of American Indian children. history, law signed by President Andrew Jackson in 1830 providing for the general resettlement of Native Americans to lands W of the Mississippi River. He said, "It will be my sincere and constant desire to observe toward the Indian tribes within our limits a just and liberal policy, and to give that humane and considerate attention to their rights and their wants which is Aug 12, 2018 · Indian Removal Essay. government spent nearly 30 years forcing Indigenous peoples to move Nov 25, 2013 · The Indian Removal Act and The Trail of Tears. The following year saw the beginning of the forced removals known as the Trail of Tears. Cherokee Alphabet, 3 Oct. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was very strongly supported. Here there was no class of civilization; a group that had adopted "American ways" were forced off Jackson enforce the Indian Removal Act of 1830? (It was a way to bypass the Court’s decision. Andrew Jackson was the 7th president of the US and he despised the Indians, he made them walk from the east of the Mississippi River to Oklahoma. Indian Removal Act of 1830 reason. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was one of the most controversial policies of former United States President Andrew Jackson. Nov. The Indian is unwilling to follow the laws of the States and mingle with the population. military and various state militias forced some 15,000 Cherokees from their homes in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee and moved them west to Indian Territory (now present-day Oklahoma). failed to adopt a consistent policy towards Native American tribes during the early 19th century, but, generally, Americans agreed that Indians in Eastern states needed to be moved west of the Mississippi so that Eastern lands could be developed by whites. In a petition to Congress in 1830, women from Steubenville, Ohio used their only political right - the right of petition - to Indian removal - PBS The Cherokee, on the other hand, were tricked with an illegitimate treaty. "Removal" of the Native people east of the Mississippi to lands in the west as a policy of the United States originated with Thomas Jefferson, who was elected President in 1801. Indian Removal Act summary: After demanding both During this time, federal officials favored efforts to "civilize" tribal nations, a sentiment that would later influence Indian removal. A few tribes went peacefully, however there were also a few that refused to go as easily. Sep 06, 2021 · The Dawes Act of 1887 was a United States post-Indian Wars law that illegally dissolved 90 million acres of Native lands from 1887 to 1934. One of the main Native American tribes during this time period were the Cherokees. Subscribe to HipHughes to keep the universe aligned for free here https://www. In the early days of its existence, the fledgling United States government carried out a policy of displacement and extermination against the American Indians in the eastern US, systematically removing them from the path of "white" settlement. 5. he told the people that it will make america a super nation. y May 26, 2017 · The act was strongly supported by Southerners, eager to gain access to lands inhabited by the Five Civilized Tribes. Chief Justice Marshall agreed in the Federal Courts that the Cherokee agreements with the federal Effects of the Indian Removal Act: The Removal Act of 1830 left many things unspecified, including how the removal of the eastern Indian nations would be arranged. The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) of 1978 is Federal law that governs the removal and out-of-home placement of American Indian children. This was devastating to Native Americans, their culture, and their way of life. The Indians Removal Act of 1812 was passed of the intent to trade goods and land for the land the Indians Courtesy of National Archives, Jackson, Andrew, "One Indian Removal," 6 December 1830. The law was enacted after recognition by the Federal Government that American Indian children were being removed from their homes and communities at a much higher rate than non-Native children. Indian Removal Act summary: After demanding both click image for close-up In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an the indian removal act: conflict, compromise, and displacement of the five civilized tribes Students should read the full text of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Zoom presentation tips to bring human connection into virtual meetings Dec 22, 2015 · It should have never happened… Thousands of Native Americans were forced to relocate following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. It had a number of negative consequences in the Overview. Indian Removal Act summary: After demanding both Motivated by gold and land, Congress (under President Andrew Jackson) passed the Indian Removal Act by a slim and controversial margin in 1830. ” (Josephy 222) However Summary. President Andrew Jackson Defends Indian Removal (December 6, 1830) The consequences of a speedy removal will be important to the United States, to individual States, and to the Indians themselves On May 28, 1830 the Indian Removal Act was put into place, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. The Indian Removal Act of 1830. The Indian Removal Act was the first major law passed by Andrew Jackson on May 28th, 1830. The Cherokees resisted removal through every possible means. Before becoming president, Jackson had been a long-time proponent of Indian removal. Description This source is an excerpt from President Andrew Jackson’s annual message to the U. The Indian Removal was established and signed by Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. “Overall, Jefferson had to do what was best for security, the economy,” she said. The Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Creek, and Seminole Native Americans lived in present day southeast United States. • Got land away from the White Americans. Over the next few years Jackson continued his campaign to remove the “Five Civilized Tribes”—the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole— and drive them west of the Mississippi. 18, 1831: Supreme Court Case: Cherokee Nation v. states for unsettled land west of the Mississippi River. The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) is a federal law that seeks to keep Indian children with Indian families. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was an act passed on May 26, 1830 by the 21 st Congress of the United States. Once in the territory, Indians were left to get along however they might. State of Georgia Indian Removal Act of 1830 Secretary of War John C. Calhoun. The territory was located west of the Mississippi River. On May 28, 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Prezi launches the Prezi Certified Educator Program; Nov. US President Andrew Jackson oversaw the policy of "Indian removal," which was formalized when he signed the Indian Removal Act in May 1830. c). Georgia was involved in a jurisdictional dispute with the Cherokee, and Jackson hoped Indian removal would resolve the crisis. Indian Removal Act - HistoryNet Facts, information and articles about Indian Removal Act, from American History. Jun 22, 2020 · After the Act was signed into law, the Cherokee filed several lawsuits regarding conflicts with the state of Georgia -- one of the biggest supporters of the Indian Removal Act. The Indian Removal Act was passed to open up for settlement those lands still held by Indians in states east of the Mississippi River, primarily Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and North Carolina. act prov-idcfor an exchange of lands with the Indians treaty between the United States and any of the Indian tribes. The federal Indian Removal Act of 1830 helped implement the policy of coerced tribal emigrations known in the Southeast as the Trail of Tears. Mar. Around 15,000 Cherokee were forcibly uprooted from their homeland in 1838 and forced to migrate approximately 1,200 miles west. With this act this gave the president the right to take unsettled lands within the West of Mississippi for the exchange of Indian lands along the state borders. By 1836, a removal treaty, contested within the Cherokee nation, had been signed by The Ridge and westward exodus had begun. [Back to the Unit Four Summary] Two Documents on Indian Removal (1830s) The U. Out of the five major Native American groups that were affected by this legislation, only the Cherokee decided not to run or give up, but rather fight in the courts. indian removal act summary